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Anthrax – Biological Warfare: Kourmikakis B, et al, “Anthrax-protective effects of yeast beta 1,3 glucans.” MedGenMed, 2003 Mar 21,5(1):1; PMD 12827062. Quote: “A single injected dose of … beta glucan immune modulators given 2 days before challenge significantly: (a) increased the survival rate of infected mice (2.5-fold), (b) diminished the bacterial load in the lungs of infected mice (4-8-fold), and (c) increased the proportion of bacteria-free animals 10 days after challenge (2-fold).  In mice prophylactically administered oral … beta glucan for 1 week prior to infection, survival increased from 50% to 100%; therapeutic administration of oral … beta glucan for 10 days post infection increased survival from 30% up to 90% in treatment groups.

These results demonstrate the potential for beta1,3-glucan immune modulators to provide a significant degree of protection against anthrax, a potential biological warfare (BW) agent in a mouse model of anthrax infection.”

 

Anthrax: Vetvicka V, Terayama K, Ostroff G et al; “Orally-administered Yeast B1,3-glucan prophylactically protects against anthrax infection and cancer in mice.” J of the Amer Nutraceutical Assc; Vol 5-2, pp1-20; Spring 2002. Quote: “…orally-administered yeast B1,3-glucan had significant effects as a prophylactic [taken regularly for a period before condition onset] treatment to reduce the mortality of anthrax infection in mice. The mechanism of action involves the stimulation of three important cytokines: IL-2, IFN-y, and TNF-alpha.”


 

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